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Otitis types

It is one of the main infections of the external ear. Humidity causes alterations in the skin and macerations which change the skin balance and make it become weaker to face the infection.

Otitis media

The infection of the middle ear can spread all over the structures of the head. This is why it is very important to treat it and stop it in time. This type of otitis is very common among children.

Otitis must be seriously treated as it may cause deafness.

This type of otitis is caused by the dysfunction/malfunction of the Eustachian tube. Often, before the ear hurts due to the otitis, one has already got a cold. This makes the tube close a bit, and impairs proper ventilation of this part of the middle ear. It is very important to cure completely this type of otitis to avoid it becoming chronic.


Chronic otitis media

In this case, the infectious process causes the eardrum perforation and develops a mild deafness, depending on the state of the middle ear.

Serous otitis

This type of otitis also occurs in the middle ear and is caracterized by the segregation of a seromucous fluid inside the tympanic cavity. In this case, the Eustachian tube is completely blocked. A negative pressure is created inside the tympanic cavity, so the serous fluid accumulates easily. Although we are talking about ears, it is very important to know how to blow one's nose properly, and our nose has to be always very clean. They must be always expired and never inspired. It is estimated that over 80% of children will suffer from serous otitis before the age of six.


M. Pilar Gascón. Pharmacist.